This lesson will help you to understand how to use object complements in a sentence.
An object complement is a word or a group of words that provides additional information about or further describes the direct object in a sentence.
They are used with action verbs, which makes them an essential component of many English sentences.
The structure of a sentence with an object complement typically follows this pattern:
Subject + Action Verb + Direct Object + Object Complement
She considered him a great friend
Like a subject complement, object complements in a sentence can be nouns or adjectives.
Action verbs commonly used with object complements are those connected to making (e.g. make, create) and naming (e.g. name, call, elect) but they can be used with a multitude of other verbs.
Here are examples to illustrate this structure, with the direct object and complement highlighted. Note how some are nouns (e.g. Paul) and some are adjectives (e.g. happy).
Note that this is different to the composition and structure of direct and indirect objects used together, where an indirect object (e.g. me) is the recipient of the direct object (e.g. gift).
So the indirect object is identifying for whom or what the action of the verb is performed. However, object complements are:
In this case the direct object is being described.
Phrases, not just single words, can also be used as object complements in a sentence.
A phrase can consist of multiple words that work together to describe the direct object. For example:
'as' and 'as being' are also used alongside object complements in a sentence:
Usually preceding this structure are verbs such as describe, consider, regard, see etc.
Object complements in a sentence differ from subject complements in their function.
Subject complements provide information about the subject of a sentence, whereas object complements provide information about the direct object. Subject complements are also joined with linking or copular verbs (e.g. is, seems, looks, tastes, feels, etc) rather than action verbs.
Subject Complement Example:
Object Complement Example:
Understanding how to use object complements in a sentence is essential for constructing more detailed and descriptive sentences in English. Object complements enhance your ability to convey specific information about actions and their outcomes, enriching your communication.
So, practice and apply this knowledge to your English language journey!
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