Stative verbs (or state verbs) have the following characteristics:
So as opposed to action verbs, they reflect a mental process rather than a dynamic activity.
I am playing football tomorrow ( = action)
I went to town yesterday ( = action)
I think I will go to town ( = a thought)
I hate spicy food ( = an emotion)
There is not one way to classify them and words could fit in various categories, but here are some common examples of stative verbs placed into four common categories:
Here are some stative verb sentences using these verbs. Remember these state verbs cannot be used in the continuous tenses.
We also use stative verbs for measurements, costs, and weights, so again these are not used in the continuous tenses:
There are situations where some of the above verbs can be used in the present continuous - learn more in our present continuous lesson.
Some verbs can express both an action and a state. However, they are usually being used to convey a different type of meaning in each case.
Action verbs refer to something dynamic, such as some kind of activity, rather than stative verbs, which reflect a state of mind or a mental process.
Here are some examples. As you can see, the action verbs can be in the continuous tense.
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