Used To: Meaning

Though 'used to' is not a tense in itself (it's actually a modal verb), we use it to talk about the past instead of the past simple for certain situations. 

Forming 'Used To'

We use either used to or use to, depending on whether it's an affirmative or negative statement, or a question:

  • He used to cycle to work
  • Did he use to cycle to work?
  • Why did he use to cycle to work?
  • He didn't use to cycle to work
  • He never used to cycle to work

Used To Grammar

Used To Meaning

You'll note from the table that we can use never instead of didn't and that if we do, we use the 'used to' form.

Used To: Meaning

Repeated actions:

The key point about used to is that we use it to talk about things that we did repeatedly in the past but that we do not do now.

Or visa versa for the negative - things we did not to in the past but do now. 

Examples of 'Used To' for repeated actions:

  • I used to play tennis (but I don't anymore)
  • I didn't use to make my own lunch (but I do now)
  • Did the shop use to open on Sundays? (it doesn't now)
  • Where did Anne use to buy her groceries? (she buys them elsewhere now)
  • We never used to holiday by the sea (we do now)

Repeated states:

It can also refer to extended states using stative verbs i.e. for states of mind in the past rather than actions.

Examples of 'Used To' for repeated states:

  • I used to live in America (but I don't anymore)
  • She used to believe in God (but she doesn't any more)
  • Did you use to enjoy jogging? (the questioner knows she doesn't now)
  • How did you use to feel about your parents ignoring you? (the 'ignoring' was in the past and isn't relevant anymore)
  • You never used to recognise me (She always recognises him now)

Time Phrases for 'Used To'

There are some common time phrases that we use with used to. These are words or phrases that emphasise repetition.

Examples of 'Used To' time phrases:

  • I used to drink coffee every day
  • She used to play tennis twice a week
  • Did you use to watch TV all day?
  • Why did you use to always go to town on Fridays?

Would

It should be noted here that would is a word used in a similar way to used to i.e. as an alternative to the past simple for discussing past habits and routines over a period of time. 

Examples of 'Would':

  • I would drink coffee every day when I was at university
  • She would play tennis twice a week
  • Would you watch TV all day when you were unemployed?

Note that, though there are exceptions in certain contexts, we don't use would with state verbs. For instance, we can't say:

  • I would live in America
  • She would believe in God

This would not make sense to a native English speaker. 

Used to and Would

Sometimes we use used to and would together. When we do this, we usually use used to first to set the scene for the actions about to be reported, which we can do with would.

Examples of Used to and Would:

When my friends and I were young we used to go and play by the river. We would imagine we were pirates and would make up wild games. 






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